Climate Change

What Causes Climate Change

Increased carbondioxide leads to increased temperatures

Climate change is now clear that it is happening and there is no doubt about that. The earth is facing a crisis that follows on from the one that Rachel Carson foresaw "environmental change" (in this case, by humans, and to the detriment of the biosphere). AUC is concerned that many in our collective "scientific" communities have concluded that the root of all evil is carbon dioxide. In reality there is much more that drives climate change than CO2. e.g. a range of gases, including water, methane etc. particulate matter, and more importantly perhaps the great cycles, such as the Milankovitch Cycle(s).

The greatest concern of AUC is that many CSOs, researchers, among others naively believe that "we" can stop climate change. Yet this is not. Although this is not to say that humans do not contribute to emissions, as that would be patently wrong. Nonetheless interestingly CO2 levels have been much higher in the past, and have led to positive environmental change, such as the formation of vast forests. However, by talking "climate change" in the way many do, we are giving the public the impression that humans are in control of the Earth's climate. In truth we are not.

It has been concerned that in the rush to embrace CO2 control, "we" have forgotten about all the other very nasty things that we are doing, polluting with organo-halide compounds, and organophosphates. AUC accepted the environmental stewardship, and prepared to design the unthinkable and that has been to value the natural environment above the need for human expansion (more subdivision).

AUC has recently proposed innovations and interventions of climate change. As part AUC focuses on mitigating the main drivers of climate change by limiting emission. This approach would help protect productive Africa region using a global partnership. AUC cannot single-handedly the flow of carbon emissions that are main drivers of global warming. Africa region is vulnerable to shocks and stresses which have increasingly become common not only in rural poor areas but also to fragile ecologically sensitive areas. Some of these can be short-lived while others can be long term based and they precisely compromise the welfare. Considering the workforce, research information, capacity, dissemination; AUC is currently working with Club of Ossiach that is planning to support building of strong consortiums and strong teams supporting improving agriculture, biodiversity, forestry and environmental knowledge management and sustainable production.

AUC is also working with the individuals from the Ministry of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in Uganda to design early warning indicators and systems to be used in most risk areas, disasters for Africa. The program aims at safeguarding lives and increasing emergency responses, management plans to arrest the situations. The design is considering both indicators from a wide range such as (boundary partner), social, economic, environmental, ecological, biodiversity and cultural as well. Priorities will be addressed from different issues regarding social groups but related with environment conservation in general. AUC is also implementing a project.

Trans-disciplinary Research Oriented Pedagogy for Improving Climate Studies and Understanding (TROP-ICSU) project

AUC along with other global unions and institutions of innovations are currently implementing a project “Trans-disciplinary Research Oriented Pedagogy for Improving Climate Studies and Understanding”. The project is supported by the International Council for Science (ICSU) through International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) the lead organisation in implimenting the project code-named as TROP-ICSU. The project to-date is focusing on developing:

  • Pedagogical intervention, that bring Climate Change Science to students and to the general public (henceforth named together as learners). What we communicate should be how climate change is studied and the science behind it and not just mere statements. Learners should be able to derive for themselves the kind of human activities cause global warming and the impact of the same on our day-to-day life. As much as possible they should use local data in their analysis.
  • Tools that are easy to use in any parts of the world. Both in Urban and rural settings. The tools that we develop should be feasible to use in the class room as well as for project-based learning.
  • Targeting audience that include Senior School and undergraduate college/University teachers/practitioners of science (henceforth named together as educators). We train them to use new pedagogical method to teach Science of Climate Change. Nonetheless it is understood that this is a stand-alone topic, progress integrated to the core of the curriculum that teaches basic science and mathematics.

This work builds on complementariness that strengthens the efforts worldwide in the promotion of sustainable and equitable development. It does so by confronting two fundamental challenges that the complex dynamics of our natural world present for science educators. Firstly, how can the science community promote the interdisciplinary thinking essential for confronting the increasing anthropogenic nature of contemporary global environmental changes? Secondly, given the technical complexity of coupled climate-biosphere systems, how can we meaningfully engage with lay citizens to convey scientific concerns about the changing health and well-being of our planet? This proposal addresses both these critical issues through the development of novel pedagogical tools and practices to educate future citizens and train future researchers. It also aims developing outreach and citizen science programmes to educate at-risk communities about human-driven climate change and its societal consequences and involve them in identifying suitable solutions for the same. The global unions include:

Union for Quaternary Science (INQUA)

International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS)

International Mathematical Union (IMU)

International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS)

International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG)

International Union for History and Philosophy of Science and Technology (IUHPST)

International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)

IMAGINARY

Committee on Data for Science and Technology of ICSU (CODATA)

ICSU Regional Office for Africa (ICSUROA)

Indian National Science Academy (INSA)

Mongolian Academy of Sciences (MAS)

National Research Foundation- South Africa

Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja

Australian Academy of Science (AAS)

UNESCO

National Committee of Egypt

Quantitative approaches to paleontology, conservation, and climate change biology in Africa

Since 2015, AUC has benefited from the Integrative Climate Change Biology (iCCB), a programme of IUBS to build capacity among African scientists. Recently a SYMPOSIUM AND WORKSHOP was organised between MARCH 6TH -8TH , 2017 at NATIONAL MUSEUMS OF KENYA, NAIROBI. The workshop focused on the "TRAITS PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE".

The workshop consisted academia, curators, heads of departments of museums, researchers, NGO/CSOs, both from north and south countries representatives. This is the first workshop to be organized in the region. The workshop was organized by the following iCCB team;

Dr. Jason J. Head (PhD)
University Lecturer and Curator of Vertebrate Palaeontology
Department of Zoology & University Museum of Zoology
Downing St. University of Cambridge

Prof. Dr. Johannes Müller

Museum für Naturkunde
Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und

Biodiversitätsforschung
Invalidenstraße 43, 10115 Berlin
Deutschland

Dr. Fredrick Kyalo Manthi

Dept. of Earth Sciences,

National Museum of Kenya,

Raymond Katebaka

A conservation biologist in Africa

African Union of Conservationists (AUC)

Main themes in this projects include:

  • JOINING THE PAST, PRESENT, & FUTURE THROUGH FUNCTIONAL TRAITS.
  • BUILDING AN ECOMETRIC WITH MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD ESTIMATION.
  • EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS OF ECOMORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS.
  • USING NICHE DYNAMICS & PALEONTOLOGICAL MOVEMENT PATTERNS TO INTERPRET THE FAILINGS OF SPECIES DISTRIBUTION MODELS (AND IMPROVE THEM).

  • LARGE MAMMALS IN SPACE & TIME: DIVERSITY DYNAMICS & BODY SIZE EVOLUTION OVER 20 MILLION YEARS.

  • DIET AND DENTAL MORPHOLOGY TRAITS AS PROXIES FOR PALEOECOLOGY & MACROEVOLUTION.
  • RUNNING HOT: WHAT CARNIVORE MORPHOLOGY CAN TELL US ABOUT CLIMATE.